Baikal is an unique place in the world. It is also called the Pearl of Siberia. It is very beautiful, clean and wonderful. Baikal is the deepest and oldest freshwater lake in the world. It became famous by its oldest age, purest crystalline water, clearest air, variety of plants and animals. And the major part of living organisms are endemics, that are only inhabit in Baikal.
Actually, it is a riddle till now, what is the derivation of name Baikal. There are different opinions about the origin of this name. The most popular of them are:
Lake Baikal is situated in the south part of Siberia. The age of Baikal is a real wonder because usually lakes live about 10-15 thousand years at most, but the age of Baikal is estimated as 25-30 million years. And, as per scientific researches and forecasts, it is predicted to exist for very long time in future. Baikal has a crescent shape, the length of the lake is more than 600 kilometers, the width is several tens of kilometers, the water area is more than 31 thousand square kilometers. Baikal coastline length is more than 2000 kilometers. Maximum Baikal depth is 1,642 meters that makes Baikal the deepest freshwater lake in the world.
Another wonder is Baikal water. It contains extremely low quantity of organic admixture. Also, the water is rich in oxygen. Due to this, the lake has a rich variety of plankton including endemic species of plankton which play the role of natural cleaner. That's why Baikal water is so crystal pure. The transparency of water allows you to see the objects on the bottom at the ten-meter depth.
Baikal ice is also a wonder. Though it is very thick (up to one meter in the end of winter) it is still very transparent. During strong frost the ice cracks and it sounds like loud peal of thunder or roar of big guns. Hearing and observing this phenomenon leaves you pretty strong impression.
Baikal ice gives the scientists a lot of riddles. There was observed the ice cover which has a shape specific to the lake and never seen in other places. For example, the ice hills which have the shape of hollow cone, are of several meters high. Such ice hills can locate separately or make up diminutive mountains chains. Besides, there were observed strange huge dark rings on the surface of ice. Diameter of rings is up to several kilometers. As per one of suppositions of scientists, the reason of this phenomenon is in the convection processes during the water exchange of different layers of water.
There are about 1000 unique endemic species of animals and plants in Baikal. The most famous of them are:
Baikal is a really unique place and if you have never been here before, you should do it with no doubts. And if you had already come here, you most probably were charmed by this place and want to repeat your travel to Baikal.
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